Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2013
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Accounting—The balance sheets have been prepared on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). Separate statements of operations, comprehensive income, changes in equity and of cash flows have not been presented in the financial statement because there have been no activities of this entity.
The consolidated balance sheets include the accounts of HASI and its operating partnership and controlled subsidiary, Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure, L.P. (the “Operating Partnership”). All significant intercompany balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Deposit—Represents $5,000 paid by an officer for subscribed units of the Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure, L.P. issued prior to the IPO and completion of the formation transactions.
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive loss and cash flows for the periods presented. The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“U.S. GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the entire year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in our annual consolidated financial statements have been condensed or omitted. We followed the accounting policies used and disclosed in the consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2012 and therefore, the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with those financial statements, which are included in the Company’s final prospectus dated April 17, 2013 that was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission under SEC Registration number 333-186711.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Predecessor and its controlled subsidiaries. All significant intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Investment in Financing Receivables
Investment in financing receivables includes financing sustainable infrastructure project receivables and direct finance leases. The Predecessor accounts for leases as direct finance leases in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 840, Leases.
The investment in financing receivables represents the present value of the minimum note or lease payments, net of any unearned fee income, which is recognized as income over the term of the note or lease using the interest method. The Predecessor’s financing receivables have been financed using nonrecourse debt. Such financings are typically collateralized by a security interest in the financing receivables or leased equipment and at no time is the Predecessor liable for nonpayment by the lessee.
Securitization of Receivables
During the three months ended March 31, 2013, there were no securitization transactions.
During the three months ended March 31, 2012, the Predecessor transferred receivables in multiple securitization transactions. The Predecessor has established various special purpose entities or securitization trusts for the purpose of securitizing certain financing receivables or other debt investments. The Predecessor determined that the trusts used in securitizations are variable interest entities, as defined in ASC 810, Consolidation. The Predecessor typically serves as primary or master servicer of these trusts; however, as the servicer, the Predecessor does not have the power to make significant decisions impacting the performance of the trusts. Based on an analysis of the structure of the trusts, under GAAP, the Predecessor is not the primary beneficiary of the trusts as it does not have a controlling financial interest in the trusts because it does not have power over the trust’s significant activities. Therefore, the Predecessor does not consolidate these trusts in the condensed consolidated financial statements.
The Predecessor accounts for transfers of financing receivables to these securitization trusts as sales pursuant to ASC 860, Transfers and Servicing, as the transferred receivables have been isolated from the transferor (i.e., put presumptively beyond the reach of the transferor and its creditors, even in bankruptcy or other receivership) and the Predecessor has surrendered control over the transferred receivables. When the Predecessor sells receivables in securitizations, it generally retains interests in the form of servicing rights, cash reserve accounts and deferred fees, all of which are carried on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as retained interests in securitized receivables.
Gain or loss on sale of receivables is calculated based on the excess of the proceeds received from the securitization (less any transaction costs) plus any retained interests obtained over the cost basis of the receivables sold. The Predecessor generally transfers the receivables to securitization trusts immediately upon the initial funding from the third party purchasing a beneficial interest in the trust. For retained interests, the Predecessor generally estimates fair value based on the present value of future expected cash flows using its best estimates of the key assumptions of anticipated losses, prepayment rates, and discount rates commensurate with the risks involved.
As described above, the Predecessor initially accounts for all separately recognized servicing assets and servicing liabilities at fair value as required under ASC 860. Under ASC 860-50, Transfers and Servicing—Servicing Assets and Liabilities, entities may either subsequently measure servicing assets and liabilities using the amortization method or the fair value measurement method and the Predecessor has selected the amortization method to subsequently measure its servicing assets. The Predecessor assesses servicing assets for impairment at each reporting date. If the amortized cost of servicing assets is greater than the estimated fair value, the Predecessor recognizes an impairment in net income.
The Predecessor’s other retained interest in securitized assets (other residual assets) are classified as available-for-sale securities and carried at fair value on the consolidated balance sheets. The Predecessor generally does not sell its retained interests. If the Predecessor makes an assessment that (i) it does not intend to sell the security or (ii) it is not likely the Predecessor will be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery, changes in fair value, such as those resulting from changes in market interest yield requirements, are reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. However, in the case where the Predecessor does intend to sell its retained interest or if the fair value of other retained assets is below the current carrying amount and the Predecessor determines that the decline is other than temporary (“OTTI”), any impairment charge would be recorded through the statement of operations. An OTTI is considered to have occurred when, based on current information and events, there has been an adverse change in the timing or amount of cash flows expected to be collected. The impairment is equal to the difference between the residual asset’s amortized cost basis and its fair value at the balance sheet date. In the case where there is any expected decline in the forecasted cash flows, such decline would be unlikely to reverse during the holding period of the retained interests and thus would be considered OTTI.
Servicing income is recognized as received. Servicing assets are amortized in proportion to, and over the period of, estimated net servicing income, and are periodically (including at March 31, 2013 and 2012) assessed for impairment.
Interest income related to the cash reserve account and deferred fees (collectively referred to as residual assets) is recognized using the effective interest rate method. If there is a change in expected cash flows related to the residual assets, the Predecessor calculates a new yield based on the current amortized cost of the residual assets and the revised expected cash flows. This yield is used prospectively to recognize interest income.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012 include short-term government securities, certificates of deposit and money market funds, all of which had an original maturity of three months or less at the date of purchase. These securities are carried at their purchase price.
The Predecessor is taxed as a partnership under the Internal Revenue Code. No provision for federal or state income taxes has been made in the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements, since the Predecessor’s profits and losses are reported on the members’ tax returns. The Predecessor has no uncertain tax positions as of March 31, 2013 and December 31, 2012.
The Predecessor provides and arranges debt and equity financing for sustainable infrastructure projects and reports all of its activity as one business segment.
Recent Accounting Pronouncement
Accounting Standards Update No. 2013-02—“Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income” (“ASU No. 2013-02”), which we adopted in our 2013 first quarter, amends existing guidance by requiring disclosure of changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive income for the current period and additional information about items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income. The adoption of ASU No. 2013-02 did not have a material effect on the current interim financial statements.